US States With Legal Sports Betting
Now that over 30 states with legal sports betting have built industries within the US border, legal sportsbooks have never been as popular. Through the advancement of sports betting bills, tribal negotiations, or voter referendums, the methods for making sports betting legal in America have not been similar between states. With this variance comes uncertainty, but being able to know everything about the states with legal sports betting helps players find the right sportsbook that will offer the betting lines they are looking for.
On this page, expect to find the current status of each state’s legal sports betting market. From the number of regulated sportsbooks in each state to industry betting restrictions and overall betting handle, revenue totals, and tax contributions, nothing is left out. Despite the constant changes in the legislative world, we’ll make it easy for you to keep up with all the information.
Map Of Legal Sports Betting States
No Plans To Legalize Sports Betting Bills Introduced Full Scale Legal Sports Betting
States With Legal Sports Betting Map
US States With Land-Based Sports Betting
There are several sports betting markets with land-based operations in the US. More than 30 states and Washington DC have either launched or are pending the launch of regulated land-based sportsbooks. Outside of Wyoming and Tennessee who are mobile-only betting markets, all states with legal sports betting have land-based operations. There are operations like New York and South Dakota that only allow for retail sportsbooks in their regulations as well. With so many active markets with land-based sports betting, most residents are no more than a few hours away from a physical sportsbook to bet at.
These regulated sportsbooks are either at commercial or tribal-run casinos. There are also land-based sports betting operations at racinos, restaurants, bars, and betting kiosks as well with more options arriving as states continue to launch their own markets. Sports betting continues to expand in the US so there will be more brick-and-mortar sports betting operations to bet on sports in the coming years.
Active Land-Based Sports Betting States
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Dakota
- Washington, D.C.
- West Virginia
States Pending Land-Based Sportsbook Launches:
When betting on the NFL season with Bovada, the one thing that sports bettors should know is that they can make a bet from almost any state whether they have state-regulated sports betting or not. Using Bovada to bet on the NFL has been permitted for over a decade. In some states, mobile betting is not available, however, Bovada allows NFL betting players to use their phone as long as they are in one of the 46 approved states. Though not every area has their own football team, Bovada allows you to find odds on every NFL game, giving you the power to select your bets… or just be a homer. Bovada has become the most inclusive place to find the largest selection of NFL odds hands down.
- Legal In 46 States
- Mobile Betting
- Game Props
- 24/7 Odds
- Live Betting
States With Legal Online And Mobile Sports Betting
There are several states with legal online and mobile sports betting markets. Most markets that offer sports betting also offer mobile and online sportsbooks for residents to some capacity. There are even markets like Tennessee and Wyoming that are mobile-only markets. Mobile betting is the primary way sports betting fans get in on the action. New Jersey is the biggest sports betting market in terms of annual revenue with more than 90% of its total betting handle coming from legal mobile sportsbooks.
Even states like New York who have historically been opposed to mobile betting have started legislation to add mobile sportsbooks to their markets. Betting on sports online is a staple in the legal sports betting world and luckily there are plenty of options for all bettors. Even those in states that have not launched mobile and online sportsbooks can find odds online through licensed mobile sports betting sites.
States With Regulated Sports Betting Apps
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- Rhode Island
- Washington DC
- West Virginia
States Pending Online Sports Betting Launch:
US States With Sports Betting Restrictions
Each industry is different when it comes to sports betting rules and regulations by state. Some have betting restrictions while others allow bets on nearly everything. The most popular restriction comes with college sports betting, as states won’t allow their sportsbooks to offer betting lines on in-state college teams or any college game played inside the state’s border. Even more direct is the inability to bet on player prop bets, especially when it comes to college players like some other states have. Betting on esports tournaments is another hot topic due to some athletes being underage. It’s because of reasons like these that people still using legal online sportsbooks that come with no betting restrictions.
Sports Betting Restrictions By State:
- Arizona – No betting on college props
- Colorado – No betting on unsanctioned college props
- Connecticut – No betting on in-state college teams
- Delaware – No betting on in-state college teams and events
- Florida – No betting on college props
- Illinois – No betting on in-state college teams
- Indiana – No betting on college props
- Iowa – No betting on in-state college props
- Nebraska – No betting on in-state college teams
- New Hampshire – No betting on in-state college teams and events
- New Jersey – No betting on in-state college teams and events
- New York – No betting on in-state college teams and events
- Oregon – No betting on college sports when using Scoreboard Lottery App
- Rhode Island – No betting on in-state college teams and events
- South Dakota – No betting on in-state college teams and events AND no betting on college props
- Tennessee – No betting on college props
- Virginia – No betting on in-state college teams and events AND no betting on college props
- Washington – No betting on in-state college teams and events
- Washington DC – No betting on in-district college teams and events
Legal Sports Betting In Nevada – The Biggest Sports Betting State
It should come as no surprise legal sports betting in Nevada is a billion-dollar industry, considering that it is the original sports betting state. Nevada was exempt from the confines of the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) due to legalizing sports wagering in the 1940s, which was prior to PASPA’s passage in 1992. The only restriction per Nevada sports betting laws was that sports bars could not become sportsbook licensees. State-licensed casinos and independent betting shops, however, can legally offer sportsbooks.
A unique feature of legal sports betting in Nevada is that you can actually use mobile betting apps to browse boards and place wagers. Most of the casinos that own and operate sportsbooks have apps that allow you to place wagers and track your bet slips from your mobile device, giving you the ability to leave the casino and still get your bets in. These apps can only be used within the state of Nevada. (Several other states have taken a cue from NV on mobile wagering and have legalized similar practices within their own borders.)
Most of Nevada’s sportsbooks are located in Las Vegas, Reno, and Henderson. While individual betting shops used to be very popular back in the ’50s and ’60s, they’ve all but gone out of business since the casinos and hotels took over the sports betting scene. That being said, you’ll still be able to find small sportsbooks in cities scattered throughout the state.
Types Of Wagers Offered At Vegas Sportsbooks
Because of its full exemption from PASPA, Nevada sportsbooks were able to offer every type of wager they thought would make money, using trial and error to focus that field over the years. Nevada sportsbooks have everything from basic game odds like moneylines, spreads, and totals, to parlays, props, futures, specials, pleasers, teasers, if-bets, reverse if-bets, Asian Handicaps, and more. These sportsbooks used to bank on the fact that they were able to offer something that every other state was denied the right to, which has given them the time, space, and money to set the full-service, single-game sports wagering standard that all current states are following in their own efforts to legalize post-PASPA. Despite lots of upstart competition, Nevada is still the grand-daddy of them all.
Legal Sports Betting in Arizona
Sports betting launched in Arizona officially on September 9, 2021, after the passing of HB 2772 regulated the market. Now Arizona betting fans can wager on their local teams and any other sports franchise they wish to. The sports betting market in Arizona is divided into 20 licenses evenly between local tribes and commercial outfits.
Local sports teams like the Arizona Diamondbacks and the Arizona Cardinals have created partnerships with major sportsbooks and offer sports betting operations within their respective arenas. Sports betting in Arizona is both land-based and mobile sports betting so there are options for all players.
Legal Sports Betting In Arkansas
Land-based sports betting was legalized in Arkansas in November 2018 via voter referendum (Issue 4). The law authorizes four Arkansas sports betting racino/casino venues, though only three have been confirmed: Oaklawn Jockey Club (Garland County), Southland Racing Corporation (Crittenden County), and Saracen Casino Resort (Pine Bluff). Sports wagering is overseen by the Arkansas Racing Commission, and bettors must be 21 or older in order to participate. The Oaklawn venue was first to market, accepting its first bets on July 1, 2019. Saracen Casino was the second having launched its sports betting annex on October 1, 2019, while the resort itself is still under construction. Southland Racing has yet to launch an AR sportsbook and a casino licensee for Pope County has yet to be named.
There is no provision in the existing AR law for state-licensed online sports betting. In order for any Internet-based domestic sportsbooks to open, a new law will have to be crafted and passed. It is unclear if such an expansion would require statewide voter approval.
Legal Sports Betting In Colorado
Voters approved the activity when they voted “yes” to Proposition DD during their November ballot in 2019. Colorado residents and visitors of the state will now have a chance to go to a retail sportsbook in one of three towns. Those gambling towns are Black Hawk, Cripple Creek, and Central City.
Casinos in those towns that receive a license to conduct sports betting in Colorado will also be able to offer statewide mobile sports wagering apps. In-person registration won’t be required to use these apps so as long as you are within state lines you will be able to bet on the Broncos, Rockies, or any other professional or collegiate team for that matter.
Legal Sports Betting In Connecticut
HB 6451 passed and was signed by Governor Ned Lamont, bringing both land-based and state-wide mobile sportsbooks to the Constitution State. The market will be run by the Connecticut Lottery as well as the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe and the Mohegan Indians tribes.
The bill is currently awaiting federal approval by the Department of Interior. Once this is granted, the market could proceed to launch. Sports betting in Connecticut will launch on October 7, just in time to bet on the 2021 NFL season and Super Bowl.
Legal Sports Betting In Delaware
Delaware is one of the states that were exempt fr om PASPA, though initially only partially. This is because, in 1976, Delaware expanded its lottery laws to include NFL parlay cards. They weren’t very popular and the state ceased offering this form of legal sports betting after a single year.
But because they never repealed the law, Delaware became one of the four states grandfathered into the federal law exemptions (though only for those parlay cards). With the overturn of PASPA, legal Delaware sports betting now includes single-game wagering. Delaware has also legalized online sports betting, but that product has not yet been rolled out.
Legal Sports Betting In Illinois
Sports wagering was legalized in Illinois on June 28, 2019, when Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed SB 690 into law. The Illinois sports betting laws allow for sports betting lounges to operate at the state’s 10 riverboat casino venues, and it also allows horse racing tracks in the state to host sportsbooks. Lottery retail locations could also offer sports betting under the law.
Additionally, SB 690 allows for online and mobile sports betting statewide. Illinois will tax all sports betting revenue at a rate of 15%. Retail sportsbooks in Illinois will pay 5% of their gross gaming revenue as a licensing fee, with the maximum allowable fee being $10 million. These licenses last for four years. SB 690 also allows Illinois to issue three online-only sports betting licenses, which will cost $20 million each.
Legal Sports Betting In Indiana
The Indiana legislature passed legislation to legalize sports wagering in late April 2019, and it was signed by the governor on May 8, 2019. Legal sports wagering in Indiana is allowed to be offered at any of IN’s 13 state-licensed gaming venues, though the bill allows for the building of more gambling sites, which will also be able to offer sports betting. Laws regulating sports betting in Indiana also allows state-wide online sports wagering, making the state one of the most comprehensive sports wagering destinations on the map.
On September 1, 2019, sports betting launched in three retail locations. Since then more and more gambling establishments have joined and have launched Indiana sportsbooks themselves. However, it wasn’t until October 3, 2019, that online sports betting in Indiana went live. Rush Street Gaming launched an online sportsbook via its partnership with French Lick Casino and DraftKings launched one as well through its partnership with Ameristar Casino Hotel East Chicago.
Legal Sports Betting In Iowa
Three closely-related sports wagering bills have been passed by the IA legislature and were signed by Governor Kim Reynolds on May 13, 2019. These legal Iowa sports wagering bills allow betting to take place at any of the state’s 19 brick-and-mortar gambling venues (both land-based and riverboat). The Iowa Racing & Gaming Commission oversees the industry, and vendors are taxed at 6.75%, matching NV’s sportsbook tax rate as the lowest in the US.
Both land-based and state-wide online sports betting apps were launched on August 15, 2019. Iowa could theoretically sign up to 38 different sportsbooks within its borders.
Legal Sports Betting In Michigan
Michigan legalized sports betting on December 20, 2019 when it passed HB 4916. There was a previous effort to legalize Michigan sports betting in 2018, but the bill was vetoed by then-Governor Rick Snyder out of concern for the state’s School Aid Fund. The new bill addressed his concern with a healthy, but reasonable, 8.4% tax rate on sports betting revenues that will directly contribute to the School Aid Fund.
Three casinos, all in Detroit, opened their sportsbooks to the public in early March. There are currently 26 casinos throughout Michigan, and all will be authorized to open retail and online sportsbooks.
Legal Sports Betting In Mississippi
Technically speaking, sports betting in Mississippi has been legal since the state included the provision in a 2017 daily fantasy sports bill. It was not until August 2018 that Mississippi sportsbooks launched in Tunica and Biloxi, as the state had to wait for the Supreme Court ruling on PASPA.
Residents and tourists can now wager on sports at more than 20 different sportsbooks spread across the state. Although legislation has been introduced to give Mississippi online sports betting options, none of these bills have managed to get passed.
Legal Sports Betting In Montana
Two different kinds of sports wagering were legalized in Montana in May 2019: sports tabs/pools and single-game online betting. These were each passed in their own bills, and both versions are slated to go live by the start of the 2019-2020 NFL season. Barring any unforeseen setbacks to sports betting in Montana, this deadline is definitely achievable.
Montana’s famous tavern industry will be the beneficiary of the renewed and refreshed sports tabs and sports pools, all of which will be offered at these venues in-person on a pari-mutuel basis. The Montana Lottery will handle the administration of full single-game (i.e. “Vegas-style”) betting, which will be available over the Internet (at on-site locations only) and at lottery retailers and other bar and restaurant venues in the form of electronic sports wagering kiosks.
Legal Sports Betting In New Hampshire
New Hampshire Governor Chris Sununu ® signed HB 480 into law on July 12, 2019. The law authorizes up to 10 in-state retail betting licenses and up to 5 online betting licenses for statewide mobile wagering. License fees are not specified in the New Hampshire sports betting law.
New Hampshire will select the operators that offer the largest revenue-sharing proposals to the state. Currently, Hew Hampshire offers its residents mobile and internet sports betting platforms with DraftKings Sportsbook. There is no concrete timeline for when retail sports betting will formally launch in NH.
Legal Sports Betting In New Jersey
After a years-long battle, no state is prouder to offer legal sports betting than New Jersey, who legalized sports betting at local racetracks and all of its Atlantic City casinos June 2018. New Jersey sportsbooks are the most comprehensive betting products available on the East Coast, with land-based, online, and mobile betting options.
Of all the legal sports betting states, New Jersey has the most competitive market in the country. While most of the wagering action is concentrated in Atlantic City, all of the sportsbooks in New Jersey have full-service sports betting. Betting lines are available on all of the most popular sports, and each sports gambling property provides a unique experience.
Legal Sports Betting In New Mexico
New Mexico sportsbooks appear to have been legalized overnight. The sportsbook at the tribal Santa Ana Star Casino opened its doors in October 2018, making New Mexico the sixth state with legal sports betting. Interestingly enough, there was no new legislation passed to make this happen. The Tamaya Nation at the Pueblo of Santa Ana was able to start offering sports betting based on the language within their state-tribal compact.
New Mexico’s first tribal sportsbook (Santa Ana Star) accepts bets on both professional and collegiate sports. The venue features two self-service kiosks for convenience, along with four wagering stations. The Santa Ana Sportsbook is not able to accept mobile or online sports bets per their existing compact. Since the Tamaya gambit, more land-based NM sportsbooks have opened under the same compact allowances, albeit at different tribal venues. Legal online sports betting requires the NM congress to pass a new law, which is currently not in the cards.
Legal Sports Betting In New York
New York actually legalized sports betting at its four upstate commercial casino venues (and by extension, its 7 tribal casino locales) all the way back in 2013 via public referendum. However, instead of immediately launching these books upon PASPA’s overturn, lawmakers in the Empire State took extra time to work out the finer points of New York sports betting.
With no challenges to the rules, land-based single-game sports wagering was formally launched on July 16, 2019, when the Rivers Casino & Resort Schenectady opened its sportsbook to the public. State-licensed online sports betting has been approved, and is expected operational by Q2 2022.
Legal Sports Betting In North Carolina
Legal sports betting in North Carolina was officially signed into law on July 26, 2019, by Governor Roy Cooper. SB 154 is the sports betting bill that approved legal betting at the tribal casinos in the state, but offered no provisions for mobile and online betting.
It took more than a year for legislators to finalize the regulations, but legal sports betting in North Carolina officially launched on March 18, 2021. Sports betting in North Carolina is run exclusively through the tribal casino operations and they have given no indication of launching mobile and online betting as of yet.
Legal Sports Betting In Oregon
Oregon was originally one of four states that were exempt fr om PASPA. After that law was repealed, the Oregon Lottery took it upon themselves to create regulations for the state’s legal sports betting industry. There was no need for any Oregon sports betting bills to pass through the legislature in order to authorize sports betting because of that pre-existing exception. Oregon did, however, still need to put appropriate infrastructure in place to support sports betting.
Tribal casinos can only offer land-based sports betting options, but they can also offer collegiate betting. The state lottery launched a state-wide mobile betting app called Scoreboard (which has now been replaced by DraftKings) in the fall of 2019 but limits it to only betting on professional sports such as the NFL, NBA, and MLB. In June 2020, the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde announced a partnership with ROAR Digital to launch both online and retail sports betting for several tribal casinos.
Legal Sports Betting In Pennsylvania
Sports betting in Pennsylvania was first legalized toward the end of 2017, with the law becoming active in May 2018 upon PASPA’s overturn. Pennsylvania sportsbooks first launched in November 2018 with full mobile and online capabilities, though the first online book wasn’t launched until late May 2019. There are a total of 12 casino and racetrack locations eligible to offer legal PA sports betting, and nearly all of them currently do.
PA sportsbooks are of course located in major cities like Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, though there are also several sports wagering venues in central PA. The Rivers Casino Sportsbook is one of the most popular books for sports fans, as the bookmaker is near both Heinz Field and PNC Park. Pennsylvania sportsbooks are taxed at 36% of revenue, the highest rate in the country.
Legal Sports Betting In Rhode Island
Rhode Island sports betting took most of the nation by surprise, with the state becoming the eighth state to start accepting sports bets. Only two casinos can hold sports betting licenses in the state – Twin River Casino (Lincoln) and Twin River Tiverton Casino. The law to legalize sports betting was passed on June 22, 2018, as part of the governor’s budget package.
Now, anyone 18 or older can place bets on football, basketball, hockey, tennis, baseball, and other popular sports at local Rhode Island sportsbooks. Mobile sports betting in Rhode Island was also made possible by bill that passed in early 2019. There is only one mobile sportsbook in Rhode Island and you will have to register in-person at one of the Twin River casino locations to use it.
Legal Sports Betting In South Dakaota
South Dakota currently has four sportsbooks, all of which are located exclusively at Deadwood casinos. Following the passing of Senate Bill 44, sports betting was legalized in November 2020, and launched September 9, 2021.
The bill was introduced on January 7 2021, and was signed by Governor Kristi Noem on March 18, roughly three months later. No South Dakota-based sportsbooks are legally allowed to offer lines on any South Dakota colleges.
Legal Sports Betting In Tennessee
Tennessee unveiled their online and mobile sports betting industry on November 1, 2020, nearly 18 months after the pastime became legal. Four sportsbook operators launched on the official date with more to come in the future.
Having just the four initial sports wagering businesses, Tennesseans still jumped at the chance to bet on sports matchups using local outlets. During each meeting held by the Tennessee Education Lottery (TEL), the committee can issue licenses to applicants for sports betting businesses. There is no limit on how many licenses can or will be issued when the final count comes in for Tennessee’s sports betting industry.
Legal Sports Betting in Virginia
Legal sports betting in Virginia went through a bit of a non-traditional way to get here but it is finally up and running. In 2019, the state passed a sports betting bill. However the stipulations of the bill required that a study be conducted about Virginia sports betting and that it had to pass again in 2020 before it was officially legalized. Fast forward to April of 2020 and the state passed that very bill that not only legalized land-based sports betting but also online sports betting in VA. These land-based venues are still in construction while online sportsbooks launched in January of 2021.
In-person registration is not required for online sportsbooks, however, one thing to note is that the law does not allow betting on in-state college teams so Virginia sports bettors will still have to turn to overseas-based online sportsbooks to bet on the Virginia Cavaliers and Virginia Tech Hokies.
Legal Sports Betting In Washington
Washington legalized sports betting in March 2020 after bill ESHB 2638 was signed into law by Governor Jay Inslee. However, sports betting is explicitly limited to sportsbooks located in tribal casinos, which in this case, is the Snoqualmie Casino.
Although gambling on the internet is against the law in Washington, no one has ever been arrested for doing so, since the law is more to prevent illegal sportsbooks fr om occurring. The recent passing of SB 5212 would see sports betting authorized at card rooms and racetracks.
Legal Sports Betting In Washington DC
Washington DC sports wagering launched in May 2020. The Nation’s Capital offers both regulated retail and mobile betting, but statewide mobile is limited to the DC Lottery run GamebetDC app. There are mobile betting through apps like William Hill, but this is only available within a two-block radius of the Capital One Arena wh ere the physical sportsbook operates.
Thankfully, licensed online sportsbooks in Washington DC offer state-wide betting in DC as well, allowing local betting fans to better shop the lines without having to travel outside the city or to a retail sportsbook.
Legal Sports Betting In West Virginia
Lawmakers in West Virginia were vocal proponents of regulated sports betting in the US. The law to legalize West Virginia sports betting was passed in March 2018, with full-scale West Virginia sportsbooks launching in August 2018 after the May SCOTUS ruling. As the fifth state to launch legal sports gambling, WV could be considered an early pioneer of the industry.
There are five casinos in WV that can offer sports betting, though one (The Greenbrier) is a members-only location. Three out of the five are operational at the moment. All of the locations accept single-game wagers on sports like football, basketball, baseball, hockey, and more. There are also online sports betting options in WV powered by local sportsbooks. The Greenbrier’s mobile sportsbook is powered by FanDuel and is available to the public.
Types Of Wagers Offered At Land-Based Sportsbooks
The types of wagers offered at land-based sportsbooks are contingent upon your individual state’s sports betting laws. For example, land-based sportsbooks in New York can’t accept sports bets on collegiate teams that are based in the state or collegiate sporting events that take place in the state. Indiana sportsbooks will also not offer betting lines on high school events or esports tournaments. Iowa will offer collegiate betting lines on home teams, but won’t offer wagering opportunities like prop bets on the Iowa collegiate athletes themselves. It’s because of these reasons that even though, land-based sportsbooks are starting to appear all across the US, people are still using legal online sportsbooks located outside of the U.S. and their state’s borders in order to find betting lines on the most obscure events.
Does The Wire Act Make Sports Betting Illegal?
No, the Wire Act does not make sports betting illegal. The Wire Act actually makes it unlawful for someone to take your bet, rather than to place one. The law was written this way in order to prevent interstate sports wagering from occurring. Federal lawmakers knew that if they made betting illegal, people would find a way around it. They figured that going after the person who takes the bets would be the more prudent course of action because people would just try to keep themselves out of trouble and stop taking bets on the phone or online. They were right because the Wire Act still prevents interstate sports betting from occurring today. Fortunately, though, the Wire Act is a US federal law, and so it has no jurisdiction over online sportsbooks that are located overseas. US laws cannot tell people in other countries what to do. Because of this, the Wire Act has no effect over online, offshore sportsbooks taking your wagers.
Regulating Online Sports Betting By State
As you know, regulated online sports betting is now a state-by-state matter. With no more federal interference, states can individually decide how, when, and where to offer their own sports wagering products. Each state’s regulations will be unique to that state, even if multiple states elect to follow the same general rubric. However, such regulation is limited only to books and services that operate inside a given state’s borders.
In the case of offshore online sports betting sites, state regulations – as well as federal regulations (including PASPA, when it was still active) – have no impact whatsoever on those businesses or your freedom to enjoy their sports wagering products. Offshore books exist outside the scope of US regulatory oversight and legal jurisdiction. Because all these US and state laws criminalize only unlicensed domestic sportsbook operators, offshore operators are unaffected. And since individuals in the US are not criminalized for placing wagers with real money sportsbooks, nobody is breaking any laws.
All that said, do not make the mistake of thinking that these offshore books are not regulated. They are absolutely regulated, licensed, and regularly inspected for compliance by their home countries’ gaming commissions and other appropriate government bodies. As such, it remains against the law for these books to cheat their customers, and they are all held to as high a standard as any licensed, domestic US book. Again, just because an offshore book is not licensed and regulated by the US, that doesn’t mean that they aren’t licensed and regulated in their own countries. These books are safe and legitimate, provided you choose the most respected, long-lived providers in the business.
Legal Sports Betting FAQs
Which States Have Legal Mobile Sports Betting?
Mobile sports betting has made its way to a quite a bit of the states that have passed measures to legalize sports betting. The states that have domestic (i.e. state-based) mobile betting up and running are Nevada, New Jersey, West Virginia, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Oregon, Colorado, Virginia, and Tennessee. Mississippi has mobile betting, but this is limited only to the grounds of licensed casinos that have operational books. Several other states – particularly those without existing casino districts or robust land-based gambling industries – are legalizing mobile betting as a matter of course whenever they pass otherwise standard sports betting legislation. Delaware is something of a special case, as it is legally able to offer mobile sports betting via its state lottery, but that product has not yet rolled out. Tennessee is in a unique position as the only state that has legalized mobile betting but not land-based betting. Eventually, of course, almost all states that establish their own legal sports betting industries will.
Regardless of what state you officially reside in, you will only be able to bet on sports via domestic online or land-based books while physically inside that specific state. In other words, for state-based sports betting, states are geo-fenced. You cannot be in California and call in a bet to a Las Vegas casino, for example. Similarly, you cannot physically be in Tennessee and place bets with an online New Jersey sportsbook. This is all due to a federal law known as the Interstate Wire Act, which prevents sportsbooks from accepting wagers across state lines. Some states, like Mississippi, have taken this geo-fencing concept one step further by only permitting mobile betting to be operational if the player is physically located on the casino’s grounds.
Why Are States All Of A Sudden Allowed To Legalize Sports Betting?
The sudden rush to legalize sports betting has come from a successful appeal of the federal law known as PASPA. This law prevented licensed sportsbooks from operating within the country, with the exception of Nevada, Oregon, Delaware, and Montana (who all were grandfathered in due to their previously approved sports betting legislation). For years, the State of New Jersey challenged this ruling, even bringing it to the Supreme Court. In May of 2018, SCOTUS determined that entirety of PASPA was unconstitutional by violating each state’s 10th amendment right, choosing to overturn it by a vote of 6-3. This left a void in many states’ book of codes and now each state is determining their own regulations and legality in general of the sports betting industry for their state alone.
How Many States Currently Have Legal Sports Betting?
There are currently 31 states plus Washington D.C with sports betting laws on the books. While 22 have launched, the remaining legal sports betting states are expected to launch in 2021.
Which States Are Trying To Pass Legal Sports Betting Bills?
Many states have stepped into the forefront to try and legalize sports betting for the sake of additional tax revenue. States like Oklahoma, California, Georgia, Ohio, Massachusetts, South Carolina, Missouri, and Kentucky are the next wave of states to pass sports betting laws.
Do All States Have Legal Sports Betting Since PASPA Was Overturned?
Although New Jersey’s appeal of PASPA opened the door for legal sports betting, it didn’t universally legalize sports betting in every state. Individual states still have to pass their own laws legalizing sports betting, which can be a complicated an arduous process. Many states have successfully passed such legislation, and eventually, most, if not all, states will have legal sports betting of some kind. One of the biggest incentives for legalizing sports betting has been the financial success in states like Pennsylvania and New Jersey, which each handled well over $1 billion in their first full calendar year of legal sports betting.
Are Online Sportsbooks Similar To Land-Based Sportsbooks?
Online sportsbooks and land-based sportsbooks both provide options for legal sports betting. All sportsbooks offer full-service wagering options, meaning that you will be able to find betting odds on all of the major sports leagues. Offshore online sportsbooks typically have the most wagering options, as state-licensed sites and sportsbooks sometimes have restrictions on local collegiate teams. The high licensing fees and taxes paid by regulated bookmakers to the state government also mean higher odds for customers, as does any lopsided action on local teams in a given sportsbook’s geographical region. For example, BetOnline might have a spread at the standard -110 odds, while a local sportsbook could have the same line at -140 odds (or even worse). Sports bettors should always shop lines between multiple sportsbooks in order to find the best odds with the biggest payouts.
Will Sports Betting in Minnesota Ever Be Legal?
We have strong reason to believe that Minnesota sports betting will become legal in the future. Sports betting bills have been brought up and introduced in the state government that would formally legalize sports wagering. Unfortunately, none of the bills have passed yet. But there is hope because if lawmakers are becoming more interested in legalizing sports betting, they may do so in the future. This is especially true because states that surround Minnesota, like Iowa, does have legal sports betting. State lawmakers do not like losing tax revenue to surrounding states and they are doing so by not legalizing sports betting in Minnesota. At this rate, it is only a matter of time before Minnesota sports betting will be legal.